Skin, being a multi-layered organ, sheds its old cells and regenerates new cells after every 28 days. However, the outermost layer is constantly exposed to external damaging factors like pollution, dirt, sebum, oil, and sun damage. This continual exposure and everyday wear and tear can take a visible toll on the skin, causing acne breakouts, scars, pigmentation, dark spots, uneven skin textures, etc. Skin resurfacing treatments like Chemical Peels can make a great deal of difference in our skin’s appearance, texture, and firmness. This procedure is a skin treatment for the face, neck, and hands and improves the appearance of the skin.
Premature aging has become most common these days. On top of the harmful external factors, negligence in proper skincare routine has also caused a spike in skin imperfections and concerns. However, chemical peels can resurface the skin and remove the defected and imperfect skin layer to unveil smooth, firm, and bright skin altogether. Chemical peels are of several types, from mild to deep, to target skin concerns at a different depth. A chemical solution, i.e., salicylic acid, alpha-hydroxy acid, etc., is applied to the skin for skin resurfacing and exfoliation.
Chemical Peels: Types and Efficacy in Resolving Skin Concerns
Following are the major types of chemical peels:
Superficial or lunchtime peel:
Alpha-hydroxy acid or another mild acid is used to penetrate only the outer layer of skin to exfoliate it gently. The treatment is used to improve the appearance of mild skin discoloration and rough skin and refresh the face, neck, chest, or hands.
Glycolic or trichloroacetic acid is applied to penetrate the outer and middle layers of skin and remove damaged skin cells. The treatment improves age spots, fine lines and wrinkles, freckles, and moderate skin discoloration. It can also smooth rough skin and treat precancerous skin growths, i.e., actinic keratosis.
Trichloroacetic acid or phenol is applied to penetrate the middle layer of skin to remove damaged skin cells. The treatment removes moderate lines, age spots, freckles, and shallow scars. Patients will see a dramatic improvement in skin appearance. The procedure is used on the face and only can be performed once.
Skin Concerns Chemical Peels Can Treat
Chemical peels can improve the skin’s appearance. In this treatment, a chemical solution is applied to the skin, breaking it apart and eventually peeling off. The new skin is usually smoother and less wrinkled than the old skin. Chemical peels can be done on the face, neck, or hands. They can be used to:
- Reduce fine lines under the eyes and around the mouth
- Treat wrinkles caused by sun damage and aging
- Improve the appearance of mild scars
- Treat certain types of acne
- Reduce age spots, freckles, and dark patches (melasma)
- Improve the look and feel of skin
- Areas of sun damage may improve after chemical peeling.
How Chemical Peels Are Done
You can get a chemical peel in a doctor’s office or a surgery center. It’s an outpatient procedure, meaning there’s no overnight stay.
The professional who does your peel will first clean your skin thoroughly. Then they will apply one or more chemical solutions — such as glycolic acid, trichloroacetic acid, salicylic acid, lactic acid, etc., to small areas of your skin. That creates a controlled wound, letting new skin take its place. During a chemical peel, most people feel a burning sensation that lasts about five to ten minutes, followed by a stinging sensation. Putting cool compresses on the skin may ease that stinging. You may need pain medication during or after a deeper peel.
What To Expect After the Chemical Peel
Depending upon the type of chemical peel, a reaction similar to sunburn occurs following the procedure. Peeling usually involves redness followed by scaling that ends within three to seven days. Mild peels may be repeated at one to four-week intervals until you get the look you have longed for. Medium-depth and deep peeling may result in swelling and blisters that may break, crust, turn brown, and peel off over seven to 14 days. Medium-depth peels may be repeated in six to 12 months, if necessary.
After treatment, you may need bandages on part or all of the skin that was treated for several days. You’ll need to avoid the sun for several months after a chemical peel since your new skin will be fragile. Cutera Aesthetics is an acclaimed and reputable medical clinic offering skin resurfacing treatments like chemical peels. Book a free consultation to discuss your skin concerns and get suitable treatments.