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Acne Scars: Causes, Types, and Treatments

There are hardly any lucky people who have never experienced acne. It comes and goes, and in all its form is a big issue for people between the ages of 11 to 30 and even above. Sometimes we have to deal with the aftermath of this embarrassing skin condition in the form of scars and stubborn marks. Many aspects can cause acne, including genetics, hormone imbalance, stress, high humidity, and excessive use of greasy personal care items. Whatever the cause, acne affects a person’s confidence and self-esteem. Acne is frustrating enough and leaves marks as its demonic representation. Luckily, today the aesthetic world has come quite far in terms of advancements, so dealing with acne scars has become relatively easy.

What Are the Main Causes of Acne Scars? 

Acne, or pimples, are filled with bacteria, oil, and dead cellular debris that later clogs a pore and inflames it. Usually, these dead cells and skin particles fall off our skin, but sometimes, they can stick to our skin and clog the pores resulting in various forms of acne. The appearance of whiteheads, blackheads, and other nodules results from this clogging of pores. Blackheads and whiteheads are the types of acne that heal on their own and do not cause any visible damage to our skin. However, other types can leave marks and scars on our skin and irritate it severely. 

Acne blemishes cause skin inflammation, which gives rise to scars and marks on the skin. The constant poking of pimples is another prominent cause of the appearance of scars on the skin. Minor blemishes heal on their own and do not cause any impact on their surrounding cells and tissues. However, some lesions burst and spill their contents to their corresponding tissues, causing deeper inflammation. Scars appear in two forms; skin deepening after tissue loss from a certain place or a raised surface on the skin. In both forms, these scars are problematic and can cause inconvenience. 

What are the Major Types of Acne and Acne Scars? 

Types of Acne 

Acne is of many types, and to understand which type can cause scars, we first have to uncover all its types:

Blackheads:

This type of acne is not covered with skin and appears as an open pore filled with excess oil, dirt, and dead skin and is black. However, the black color is not a result of blocked dirt in the pore, but it is because of irregular light reflection that causes the accumulated substance to turn dark. 

Whiteheads:

These are closed pores filled with excess oil, dead skin, and cellular debris, unlike blackheads. 

Papules:

This form of acne is hurtful. It is either pink or red and appears as big bumps on the skin. Usually, the skin around the area at which these appear also hurts. 

Pustules:
These bumps or lesions are filled with pus and are hurtful. They are either red or pink at the base but white or yellowish at the top. 

Nodules:

Nodules are hard pimples or lesions and can hurt more than papules or pustules. This type of acne is also referred to as blind pimples. 

Cysts

Cysts also lie deep within the skin. They are full of pus, can cause pain, and are most like;y to leave scars. 

Fungal acne (pityrosporum folliculitis):

As the name portrays, this type of acne is due to yeast development into hair follicles’ roots, leading to itchy and inflamed lesions. 

Types of Acne Scars 

Although any person never has only one type of acne scarring. However, these scars differ in their types and texture. Usually, these scars are of two major types; Atrophic and Keloid. Following are some of the most common types of acne scars:

Atrophic or Depressed Scarring:

Ice Pick:

Like an ice pick tool, these scars are wide at the skin’s outer surface, but they become narrower as they go deep into the skin. This is the most common acne scar that most people have to deal with. The spots where this scarring appears are your forehead, upper cheeks, and anywhere else where the skin is thinner. 

Rolling:

The typical spots for this scarring are lower heels and jawline, where the skin is relatively thicker. The best way to describe these acne scars is to make the skin seem uneven and rough. These marks are easy to treat compared to ice pick scars. 

Boxcar:

Like rolling scars, these scars also appear on your cheeks and jaw, but the only difference is that they go deep within the skin, and the indentation is fairly visible. 

Hypertrophic or keloid scars 

Unlike Atrophic scars, Keloid scars do not appear as indentations. These scars make your skin tissue rise off the skin. This happens when fibrous tissues on any body part outgrow in contrast to their standard growth rate. These scars usually appear on the chest, back and shoulders, jawline, etc. They are also itchy and tender. 

Aesthetic Procedures to Treat Acne Scars 

Various aesthetic procedures have helped us get clearer, smoother, and acne-free skin. Skin damage can make anyone conscious and low on self-esteem. Thus, credible acne scar reduction methods, including INFINI, Radiofrequency, Micro-needling, and Picosecond laser, have made life easier for people struggling with acne and its aftermath. These methods eliminate acne scars using different techniques but aim to reduce scars by promoting collagen production. 

INFINI

INFINI RF uses a combination of radiofrequency and micro-needling to address stubborn scars and skin damage. The radiofrequency pulses within the small incision in the cells make some changes and induce collagen production that speeds up the healing process and helps the skin become fuller, softer, and firmer. The main target of this treatment is to reduce the depths of the scars present on the skin. This treatment kickstarts and boosts our body’s natural healing power by making our skin tight in response to small incisions. This is a minimally invasive treatment and does not hurt at all. All a person feels is mild discomfort. 

Radiofrequency

Radiofrequency is another popular treatment to smooth out the skin and treat stubborn scars caused by severe acne or skin damage. This procedure works by sending small pulses to the skin that destroy the tissues of the damaged skin and simply break it down. Our body discards this debris naturally. The vibrations stimulate the remodeling of the tissues, and the result is smooth and firmer skin. 

Micro-needling

Micro-needling works by making tiny pricks into the skin or the affected area and boosts cellular activity to repair themselves. If your skin lacks collage and becomes saggy, scarring can appear quickly. Thus, addressing collagen loss in the skin is another crucial aspect of micro-needling.

Picosecond Laser

Picosecond laser works by using waves without heat that enhances the elastin production within the skin and help eliminate many skin issues and damages, including acne scars. Thus, if you are a person dealing with stubborn acne scars and want to improve your skin texture, you can avail of this treatment and enjoy its permanent results. 

Final Words:

All these treatments do not cause any damage to the outer surface of the skin and are entirely safe for use. These are an excellent, effective, and quick way of getting smoother skin without any downtime. Moreover, these are non-surgical approaches that are minimally invasive. So you do not even have to worry about pain levels. Cutera Aesthetics is your ultimate ally in your venture towards healthy, radiant, youthful, and firm skin. So, get a free consultation today!